Sun Apr 26 12:45:13 SGT 2015  
    Urinary Tract Infection
Within 3 days after unprotected sex, stop HIV infection with Post-Exposure Prophylaxis treatment
28 days after unprotected sex, accurately detect HIV infection with the 20 minute rapid test
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Urinary Tract Infection | STD DOCTOR SINGAPORE™


Urinary Tract Infection | STD DOCTOR SINGAPORE™ @stddoctorsingapore_com: Urinary tract infection, Singapore. Private & confidential service.

Advertisement: Come to sunny Singapore to have your testing and treatment. Singapore Ministry of Health registered general practice (GP) clinic:
168 Bedok South Avenue 3 #01-473
Singapore 460168
Tel: (+65) 6446 7446
Fax: (+65) 6449 7446
24hr Answering Tel: (+65) 6333 5550
Web: Urinary Tract Infection | STD DOCTOR SINGAPORE™
Opening Hours
Monday to Friday: 9 am to 3 pm, 7 pm to 11 pm
Saturday & Sunday: 7 pm to 11 pm
Public Holidays: Closed
Last registration: one hour before closing time.
Walk-in clinic. Appointments not required.
Bring NRIC, Work Pass or Passport for registration.


Table of Contents

Urinary tract infection (UTI) and corresponding inflammatory conditions:
  • In men, it is rare. But when it happens in sexually active men, it is frequently caused by STD.
  • In women, it is frequently caused by Escherichia coli originating from the anus.
Urethritis is inflammation of the urethra. The most common symptom is dysuria (painful urination), followed by urethral discharge / genital discharge. For treatment purposes, it is classified in two categories: In the UK, Non-specific urethritis (NSU) may be used to mean that either gonorrhoea alone, or both gonorrhoea and chlamydia has been ruled out.

Cystitis is inflammation of the bladder.

Lower UTI symptoms are

UTI treatment is usually with antibiotics like trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole

Sexual risk (of HIV/STD/pregnancy), and what you can do before and after exposure.

Timeline HIV STD Pregnancy
Before exposure
Abstain from sex, Be faithful, or Condom use
Circumcision (males only)
Contraception (females only)
HIV PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) STD vaccine:
- Hepatitis vaccine
- HPV vaccine
STD / HIV exposure
Unsafe sex / unprotected sex:
No condom / Condom broke / Condom slip
0-72 hours HIV prevention
HIV PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) treatment
- Stop HIV infection after exposure.
STD testing.
If STD symptoms appear, then do STD treatment.
- Males: Do not urinate for at least 4 hours before arriving.
- Females: testing is more accurate when you are not menstruating.
Emergency contraception (females only)
2 weeks HIV DNA PCR test
1 month 20 minute HIV rapid test - SD Bioline HIV Ag/Ab Combo:
- Fingerprick blood sampling.
3 months 20 minute HIV rapid test - OraQuick®:
- Oral saliva or
- Fingerprick blood sampling.
Full & comprehensive STD testing
- Males: Do not urinate for at least 4 hours before arriving.
- Females: testing is more accurate when you are not menstruating.


Latest News

Virulence and Antibiotic Resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolated from Patients with Urinary Tract Infections in Southern Poland
Sat, 25 Apr 2015 09:04:57 +0100 | Chemotherapy
Background: The aim of this study was to analyze the resistance and virulence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains causing urinary tract infections in in- and outpatients in Southern Poland. Methods: The study included 83 inpatients and 66 outpatients; 36.9% were female. Results: Monomicrobial infections accounted for 74.5%; polymicrobial infections occurred more frequently among inpatients (odds ratio, OR = 4.32, p = 0.0008). exoS and lasB were detected in 90 and 74% of isolates, respectively. aprA was present in 66%, pilB in 5% and pilA in 23% of isolates. Isolates from adults were more frequently resistant to fluoroquinolones (OR = 0.37, p = 0.029). Twenty-nine isolates were classified as multidrug resistant and 12 as extremely drug resistant, which occurred less frequently in patients (So...

Pregnancies in women with childhood vesicoureteral reflux
Sat, 25 Apr 2015 00:00:00 +0100 | Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
ConclusionsThe maternal complication rates in women with childhood vesicoureteral reflux were increased only by renal scarring. Frequent urinary tract infections during adulthood seemed to predict an elevated risk of fetal complications.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica)

Maternal factors associated with the occurrence of gastroschisis
Sat, 25 Apr 2015 00:00:00 +0100 | American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A

An evaluation of the timing of surgical complications following nephrectomy: data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP)
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 21:01:18 +0100 | World Journal of Urology

Catheter-associated candiduria: Risk factors, medical interventions, and antifungal susceptibility
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 00:00:00 +0100 | American Journal of Infection Control
Conclusion Candida is the second leading pathogen causing catheter-associated urinary tract infection or asymptomatic colonization, whereas previous studies showed Candida as the third leading pathogen. Clinical signs and symptoms, such as fever and laboratory tests, cannot distinguish between asymptomatic colonization and infection. Because the management of catheter-associated candiduria is still controversial, additional studies should be carried out. (Source: American Journal of Infection Control)

Ureteroscopy for nephrolithiasis in transplanted kidneys.
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 03:26:40 +0100 | Canadian Journal of Urology
CONCLUSIONS: Retrograde URS with laser lithotripsy and/or basket extraction is a reasonable option for treating small renal transplant stones, with most patients in our series being discharged as outpatients, having complete stone clearance and avoiding PCNL.

Botulinum neurotoxin A for overactive bladder treatment: advantages and pitfalls.
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 03:26:40 +0100 | Canadian Journal of Urology
CONCLUSION: Onabotulinumtoxin A is a promising, efficient, minimally invasive approach to OAB patients with official recommendations for both OAB types, offering large perspectives in daily urological practice. Abobotulinumtoxin A revealed similar results to onabotulinumtoxin A, making it a valid therapeutic alternative.

Bilateral hydronephrosis with urinary tract infection in a Campbell's hamster (Phodopus campbelli)
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 00:00:00 +0100 | The Journal of Small Animal Practice
(Source: The Journal of Small Animal Practice)

susceptibility of isolates to antibiotics used for uncomplicated urinary tract infection
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 00:00:00 +0100 | Journal of Infection
(Source: Journal of Infection)

Emergence of Extended Spectrum-β-Lactamase-Producing Escherichia coli O25b-ST131: A Major Community-Acquired Uropathogen in Infants
Wed, 22 Apr 2015 20:33:35 +0100 | The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Conclusions: E. coli O25b-ST131 is a major community-acquired uropathogen in the infant population. Regardless of O25b-ST131 or non-O25b-ST131 clones, CTX-M-14 accounts for majority of the ESBL genotype. The O25b-ST131 clone is not associated with more severe clinical disease, but it may make the diagnosis and selection of antimicrobials for treatment more challenging. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)