Sat Aug 1 21:46:33 SGT 2015  
    Urinary Tract Infection
HIV PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis): Stop HIV infection within 3 days after unprotected sex.
HIV test: 20 minute rapid test to accurately detect HIV infection 28 days after unprotected sex.
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Urinary Tract Infection | STD DOCTOR SINGAPORE™


Urinary Tract Infection | STD DOCTOR SINGAPORE™ @stddoctorsingapore_com: Urinary tract infection, Singapore. Private & confidential service.

Advertisement: Come to sunny Singapore to have your testing and treatment. Singapore Ministry of Health registered general practice (GP) clinic:
168 Bedok South Avenue 3 #01-473
Singapore 460168
Tel: (+65) 6446 7446
Fax: (+65) 6449 7446
24hr Answering Tel: (+65) 6333 5550
Web: Urinary Tract Infection | STD DOCTOR SINGAPORE™
Opening Hours
Monday to Friday: 9 am to 3 pm, 7 pm to 11 pm
Saturday & Sunday: 7 pm to 11 pm
Public Holidays: Closed
Last registration: one hour before closing time.
Walk-in clinic. Appointments not required.
Bring NRIC, Work Pass or Passport for registration.


Table of Contents

Urinary tract infection (UTI) and corresponding inflammatory conditions:
  • In men, it is rare. But when it happens in sexually active men, it is frequently caused by STD.
  • In women, it is frequently caused by Escherichia coli originating from the anus.
Urethritis is inflammation of the urethra. The most common symptom is dysuria (painful urination), followed by urethral discharge / genital discharge. For treatment purposes, it is classified in two categories: In the UK, Non-specific urethritis (NSU) may be used to mean that either gonorrhoea alone, or both gonorrhoea and chlamydia has been ruled out.

Cystitis is inflammation of the bladder.

Lower UTI symptoms are

UTI treatment is usually with antibiotics like trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole

Sexual risk (of HIV/STD/pregnancy), and what you can do before and after exposure.

Timeline HIV STD Pregnancy
Before exposure
Abstain from sex, Be faithful, or Condom use
Circumcision (males only)
Contraception (females only)
HIV PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) STD vaccine:
- Hepatitis vaccine
- HPV vaccine
STD / HIV exposure
Unsafe sex / unprotected sex:
No condom / Condom broke / Condom slip
0-72 hours HIV prevention
HIV PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) treatment
- Stop HIV infection after exposure.
STD testing.
If STD symptoms appear, then do STD treatment.
- Males: Do not urinate for at least 4 hours before arriving.
- Females: testing is more accurate when you are not menstruating.
Emergency contraception (females only)
2 weeks HIV DNA PCR test
1 month 20 minute rapid HIV test - SD Bioline HIV Ag/Ab Combo:
- Fingerprick blood sampling.
3 months 20 minute rapid HIV test - OraQuick®:
- Oral saliva or
- Fingerprick blood sampling.
Full & comprehensive STD testing
- Males: Do not urinate for at least 4 hours before arriving.
- Females: testing is more accurate when you are not menstruating.


Latest News

A retrospective review of telehealth services for children referred to a paediatric nephrologist
Fri, 31 Jul 2015 21:31:27 +0100 | Epidemiologic Perspectives and Innovations

Protein Structures Reveal Basis of Recurring Urinary Tract Infections
Thu, 30 Jul 2015 18:10:10 +0100 | News from NIGMS Funded Institutions
(Source: News from NIGMS Funded Institutions)

Purple urine bag syndrome in an elderly patient from Colombia
Thu, 30 Jul 2015 07:00:00 +0100 | The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
We present the second case of this syndrome reported in Colombia detailing the management of this rare syndrome associated with urinary tract infection. Several conditions should be considered in the differential diagnose of diseases that cause discoloration of the urine. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)

New research opens the door for treatment of relapsing bacterial infections
Wed, 29 Jul 2015 19:52:35 +0100 | ScienceDaily Headlines
A new discovery could put people with relapsing urinary tract infections (UTIs) on the fast track for a new therapeutic regimen. An estimated 150 million UTIs occur each year worldwide, accounting for $6 billion in healthcare costs, according to the American Urological Association. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)

All Too Often, Going To The Hospital Makes You Sicker
Wed, 29 Jul 2015 16:15:38 +0100 | Science - The Huffington Post
The next time you have to undergo an operation or give birth, you might want to check and see if your hospital has a reputation for making their patients even sicker than they already were.   Healthcare-acquired infections -- bacterial, fungal and viral illnesses that patients can get from contaminated medical equipment, poorly done surgical incisions or antibiotics overuse -- are a major problem in the U.S.    “So much death is happening from these infections,” said Doris Peter, director of the Consumer Reports Health Ratings Center. “It’s something that could happen to us or someone we know the next time we go to the hospital."   In an effort to help patients make informed decisions on where they should seek care, Consumer Reports released a ho...

Structures reveal basis of recurring urinary tract infections
Wed, 29 Jul 2015 04:00:00 +0100 | EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases
(Duke University) A study published July 29, 2015, in the journal Nature presents researchers with a new tactic for combating chronic and recurrent infections. The research showed that mutant versions of a protein called HipA cause multidrug tolerance in urinary tract infections. The study explains how these mutations boost the infamous protein's ability to put cells to sleep so they can survive the antibiotic attack that kills off their more active brethren. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)

Escherichia coli virulence patterns may help to predict vesicoureteral reflux in paediatric urinary tract infections
Wed, 29 Jul 2015 00:00:00 +0100 | Acta Paediatrica
ConclusionBacterial virulence factors and clinical factors helped to predict high‐grade reflux and may help to avoid unnecessary voiding cystographies. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)

Urinalysis in infant urinary tract infection
Wed, 29 Jul 2015 00:00:00 +0100 | Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
(Source: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health)

Crystal structure analysis of c4763, a uropathogenic Escherichia coli-specific protein
Wed, 29 Jul 2015 00:00:00 +0100 | Acta Crystallographica Section F
Urinary-tract infections (UTIs), which are some of the most common infectious diseases in humans, can cause sepsis and death without proper treatment. Therefore, it is necessary to understand their pathogenicity for proper diagnosis and therapeutics. Uropathogenic Escherichia coli, the major causative agents of UTIs, contain several genes that are absent in nonpathogenic strains and are therefore considered to be relevant to UTI pathogenicity. c4763 is one of the uropathogenic E. coli-specific proteins, but its function is unknown. To investigate the function of c4763 and its possible role in UTI pathogenicity, its crystal structure was determined at a resolution of 1.45 Å by a multiple-wavelength anomalous diffraction method. c4763 is a homodimer with 129 residues in one subunit that c...

Too busy to take time out.
Wed, 29 Jul 2015 00:00:00 +0100 | Nursing Standard
Authors: Darch J