Thu Aug 21 10:21:31 SGT 2014  
    Urinary Tract Infection
Within 3 days after unprotected sex, stop HIV infection with Post-Exposure Prophylaxis treatment 10 days after unprotected sex, detect HIV infection with the DNA test 28 days after unprotected sex, accurately detect HIV infection with the 20 minute rapid test
Full & comprehensive sexually transmitted disease testing
Males: do not urinate for at least 4 hours before arriving
Females: testing is more accurate when you are not menstruating

Urinary Tract Infection | STD DOCTOR SINGAPORE™


Urinary Tract Infection | STD DOCTOR SINGAPORE™ @stddoctorsingapore_com: Urinary tract infection, Singapore. Private & confidential service.

Advertisement: Come to sunny Singapore to have your testing and treatment. Singapore Ministry of Health registered general practice (GP) clinic:
168 Bedok South Avenue 3 #01-473
Singapore 460168
Tel: (+65) 6446 7446
Fax: (+65) 6449 7446
24hr Answering Tel: (+65) 6333 5550
Web: Urinary Tract Infection | STD DOCTOR SINGAPORE™
Opening Hours
Monday to Friday: 9 am to 3 pm, 7 pm to 11 pm
Saturday & Sunday: 7 pm to 11 pm
Public Holidays: Closed
Last registration: one hour before closing time.
Walk-in clinic. Appointments not required.
Bring NRIC, Work Pass or Passport for registration.


Table of Contents

Urinary tract infection (UTI) and corresponding inflammatory conditions:
  • In men, it is rare. But when it happens in sexually active men, it is frequently caused by STD.
  • In women, it is frequently caused by Escherichia coli originating from the anus.
Urethritis is inflammation of the urethra. The most common symptom is dysuria (painful urination), followed by urethral discharge / genital discharge. For treatment purposes, it is classified in two categories: In the UK, Non-specific urethritis (NSU) may be used to mean that either gonorrhoea alone, or both gonorrhoea and chlamydia has been ruled out.

Cystitis is inflammation of the bladder.

Lower UTI symptoms are

UTI treatment is usually with antibiotics like trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole

Sexual risk (of HIV/STD/pregnancy), and what you can do before and after exposure.

Timeline Event / Available resources
HIV STD Pregnancy
Before exposure
Abstain from sex, Be faithful, or Condom use
Circumcision (males only)
(females only)
HIV PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) STD vaccine:
- Hepatitis vaccine
- HPV vaccine
STD / HIV exposure
Unsafe sex / unprotected sex:
No condom / Condom broke / Condom slip
0-72 hours HIV prevention
HIV PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) treatment
- Stop HIV infection after exposure.
STD testing
If STD symptoms appear, then do STD treatment.
- Males: Do not urinate for at least 4 hours before arriving.
- Females: testing is more accurate when you are not menstruating.
Emergency contraception
(females only)
2 weeks HIV DNA PCR test
1 month 20 minute SD Bioline HIV Ag/Ab Combo HIV rapid test:
- Fingerprick blood sampling.
3 months 20 minute OraQuick® HIV rapid test:
- Oral saliva or
- Fingerprick blood sampling.
Full & comprehensive STD testing
- Males: Do not urinate for at least 4 hours before arriving.
- Females: testing is more accurate when you are not menstruating.


Latest News

Impact of hospital infections on patients outcomes undergoing cardiac surgery at Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Marília
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 02:16:27 +0100 | Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Conclusion: Non-surgical hospital infections are common in patients undergoing cardiac surgery; they increase the chance of surgical wound infection and mortality. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar as taxas das infecções hospitalares, os fatores de risco associados e o impacto destas infecções na mortalidade dos pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca. Métodos: coorte retrospectivo que incluiu 2060 pacientes consecutivos, no período de 2006 a 2012 na Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Marília. Resultados: Foram diagnosticadas 351 infecções hospitalares (17%), sendo 227 infecções não cirúrgicas e 124 infecções cirúrgicas. As principais infecções foram: mediastinite (2,0%), infecção urinária (2,8%), pneumonia (2,3%), infecção da corrente sanguínea (1,7...

An EBP Mentor and Unit‐Based EBP Team: A Strategy for Successful Implementation of a Practice Change to Reduce Catheter‐Associated Urinary Tract Infections
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 | Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing
This column shares the best evidence‐based strategies and innovative ideas on how to facilitate the implementing of EBP principles and processes by clinicians as well as nursing and interprofessional students. Guidelines for submission are available at‐6787 (Source: Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing)

Antibiotic prophylaxis in VUR: should we or shouldn't we?
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 | Archives of Disease in Childhood
Whether or not to give antibiotic prophylaxis to children known to have vesico-ureteric reflux (VUR) remains highly controversial. In 2007, the UK National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) came out against its routine use, and since then many authorities have questioned this advice, some using the pages of this journal. The evidence from published trials is contradictory and confusing. Now a new multicentre randomised controlled trial (RCT) from the US makes an important contribution to the debate (The RIVUR Trial. NEJM 2014;370:2367–76). Over 600 children (92% girls) aged 2 months to 6 years were randomised. Each had a firm diagnosis of one or two confirmed urinary tract infection (UTI): fever >38°C and/or urinary symptoms within 24 hours of urine collectio...

Simple Steps May Cut Catheter-Associated UTIs in KidsSimple Steps May Cut Catheter-Associated UTIs in Kids
Fri, 15 Aug 2014 13:56:11 +0100 | Medscape Medical News Headlines
Four simple steps appear to cut catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) in children, according to a new study. Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)

Antimicrobial drug resistance among clinically relevant bacterial isolates in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review
Tue, 12 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 | Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Pharmacokinetics of ertapenem in outpatients with complicated urinary tract infections
Tue, 12 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 | Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Interleukin-6 concentrations in the urine and dipstick analyses were related to bacteriuria but not symptoms in the elderly: a cross sectional study of 421 nursing home residents
Tue, 12 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 | BMC Geriatrics

Impact of Physicians’ Mindfulness Attitudes toward Prevention of Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection
Mon, 11 Aug 2014 21:01:36 +0100 | Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol Latest Issue
Anucha Apisarnthanarak, MD; Pansachee Damronglerd, MD; Atibordee Meesing, MD; Sasinuj Rutjanawech, MD; Thana Khawcharoenporn, MD

Search for biomarkers aimed at improving treatment of painful bladder condition
Mon, 11 Aug 2014 19:14:22 +0100 | ScienceDaily Headlines
Taking advantage of technology that can analyze tissue samples and measure the activity of thousands of genes at once, scientists are on a mission to better understand and treat interstitial cystitis (IC), a painful and difficult-to-diagnose bladder condition. IC is also known as bladder pain syndrome. Symptoms can include severe pelvic pain, urinary urgency and frequency and painful sexual intercourse. IC is often misdiagnosed as other conditions such as endometriosis, kidney stones or chronic urinary tract infections. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)

Incidence and predictors of surgical site infections following caesarean sections at Bugando Medical Centre, Mwanza, Tanzania
Mon, 11 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0100 | BioMed Central